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Let’s Talk About Politics In Spanish!

Don’t worry, I’m not going to get into a knock-down drag-out political discussion here. However, with the United States as well as many other countries having elections this year, knowing some words related to this topic might be useful. Understanding Spanish language news requires a foundation of political vocabulary. I have compiled a list of essential words, as well as some phrases that will help when discussing global politics and elections around the world:

Feminine Nouns Masculine Nouns

la política politics el capitalismo capitalism 

la votación ballot el electorado electorate

la campaña campaign el gobierno government

la coalición coalition el parlamento parliament

la democracia democracy el padrón electoral electoral roll

la legislatura legislature el partido party

la oposición opposition el golpe de estado coup  

la encuesta poll

la izquierda the left Masculine / Feminine Nouns

la derecha the right el/la candidato/a candidate

la república republic el/la presidente president

la dictadura dictatorship el/la gobernador/a governor

el/la senador/a senator

Usually plural el/la diputado/a representative

los derechos humanos human rights

los políticos politicians Adjectives

los votantes voters democrático/a democratic los ciudadanos citizens liberal *  liberal

los demócratas Democrats político/a * political

los republicanos Republicans populista * populist

capitalista * capitalist

Verbs socialista * socialist

elegir to elect progresista * progressive

gobernar to govern conservador * conservative

ser candidato a to run for libertario * libertarian

votar to vote *also nouns

Now that you have some new vocabulary, here are some key phrases or conversation starters to express your political beliefs:

¿Qué piensas de los resultados de las elecciones primarias?

What do you think of the results of the primary elections?

No sé, no me interesa mucho la política. Todos los políticos me parecen lo mismo.

I don't know, I'm not that interested in politics. I reckon all politicians are the same.

Prefiero un sistema de izquierda, es más justo y promueve la igualdad. 

I prefer a leftwing system, it's fairer and it promotes equality.

Prefiero un sistema de derecha, fomenta el ingenio y la autosuficiencia.

I prefer a rightwing system, it encourages ingenuity and self-sufficiency.

¡Al menos sal y vota! ¡Es tu deber!

At least go out and vote! It's your duty!

With some of these phrases you can start reading more about the elections in Spanish publications as well as expressing your thoughts!

If you enjoyed this article please share it with friends and give my page a like on Facebook! I’m a Spanish teacher based in Buenos Aires, Argentina. Since 2007 I have been exclusively teaching Spanish to people from all over the world. Whether looking for an online Spanish tutor, or in person while visiting Buenos Aires, please reach out to me with any questions you might have!

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